9/23/2004

William Buckholts

Buckholts, William Lafayette ("Fate")
b.3/8/1847; d.1929.
CSA, 34th Texas Cavalry (Alexander's) Regiment, Co.K
(aka: "2nd Texas Partisan Rangers").
Duncan cemetery (sect. 5, lot 64),
Stephens County, OK.

Fate, as he was known in the family, was born to
William P. & Matilda Elizabeth [Null] Buckholts in
Winston County, Mississippi. His family having moved to
Texas while he was still quite small, he probably had no
adult memory of life in Mississippi. When the Civil War
came, he enlisted in a Texas unit of the Confederate
Army - the 34th Texas Cavalry Regiment, Co.K
(aka: the "2nd Texas Partisan Rangers").

Fate was just a teenager when he fought in the war,
being only sixteen years old when he enlisted in early
1864 and having turned eighteen only a month before
the war ended in April 1865. The 34th Texas Cavalry
(Alexander's) was organized at Ft. Washita in Indian
Territory on April 17, 1862. Buckholtz enlisted
sometime in early 1864 (though his name doesn't
appear on any existing rolls of the unit; something not
that unusual for a Confederate unit) and it is known
that he fought in the battles of Mansfield (April 1864),
Pleasant Hill, Yellow Bayou (May 1864) and Marksville in
Louisiana while serving as a Private in Co.K of the 34th
Texas Cavalry. The 34th "did particularly outstanding
work at Mansfield" in capturing "a Union battery and a
store of Enfield Rifles." (Texas in the War 1861-1865,
Harold B. Simpson, editor, p.121)

A good history of the 34th was published by Madrona
Press (Austin, Texas) back in 1976 by Robert S.
Weddle entitled Plow-Horse Cavalry: The Caney
Creek Boys of the 34th Cavalry
(Madrona Press:
Austin, TX, 1976). Though now out-of-print, it's
well-worth the trouble to borrow via inter-library
loan to read. A history of the 34th, a roster and a few
biographies of men who served in it can be seen online
at: http://gen.1starnet.com/civilwar/34cvmain.htm

Following the war, Fate married "Annie J. Watkins"
(b.1853 to J.R. & Mary J. Watkins; d.1943) on March 3,
1870 in Upshur County, Texas. They had at least at
least four children before making a move to Gregg
County, Texas in 1889, where Fate made a living as
a farmer. He moved the family to the area now known
as Duncan, Oklahoma in 1892, fifteen years before
statehood. Because he had Indian citizenship, he had
a homestead in Garvin County, Indian Territory (about
sixteen miles southwest of Paul's Valley). While living in
Duncan, Fate was the proprietor of two well-known
businesses, the Palace Hotel and Duncan Drug. In
terms of faith, he was a member of (and a deacon in)
the Baptist church.

Though the photograph was not labeled so as to
identify individuals in the photo, Fate does appear in
a group picture of Civil War veterans published in
the January 3, 1913 edition the Duncan Banner.
An article published with the photo lists the units
in which the men pictured served and "W.L. Buckholtz"
is cited as having served in "Co.K" of the "34th
Texas Cavalry."

Fate is also mentioned in a May 21, 1926 article in
the Duncan Banner as one of the delegates
in attendance of an annual Sons of Confederate
Veterans convention in Birmingham, Alabama.

A summary of Fate's life, written sometime between
1906 and 1929 (the source of which, however, is
unknown to me), reads as follows:
"William L. Buckholts, proprietor of the Palace Hotel,
came to Duncan in 1892. His consistent public spirit
and business activity has been factors in the town's
advancement since that date. He owns three
residences in the town, and also one of the best
two-story stone business houses on Main Street,
erected in 1905. He is owner of the drug stock of the
Duncan Drug Company, which has quarters in this
building. Most of his career has been taken up with
farming and stock raising. Possessing Indian citizenship,
he selected his homestead in what is now Garvin
County, sixteen miles southwest of Pauls Valley. The
homestead and surplus lands amount to four hundred
acres, comprising one of the substantial farms of that
vicinity.

"Mr. Buckholts was born in Winston County,
Mississippi, March 8, 1847. He is a member of one of
the old southern families that allied itself at an early day
with the Indian inhabitants. H. Buckholts, grandfather
of the Duncan citizen, married a quarter-blood
Choctaw woman, and they spent their lives in South
Carolina, being parents of eight children. William
Buckholts, one of the children, was born in South
Carolina in 1818, became a planter and slave owner,
and in early manhood moved to Mississippi, and in
1849 located in Smith County, Texas, as a stock
farmer. In 1872 he accepted the privileges of his Indian
blood and moved to the Choctaw Nation, where he
was engaged in farming operations until his death in
1903. He was a Democrat and a deacon in the Baptist
church.

"By his marriage to Matilda, a daughter of Henry Null,
who died in 1898 when she was sixty-six years old,
there were born the following children: Elizabeth, wife
of R.T. Jones, of Wakanacca, (sic) Oklahoma (prob.
Wapanuca);James W., of Wayne, Oklahoma; William L.;
George, of Ardmore; Matilda, wife of W.D. Bailey, of
Chickasha; John of Madill; Oliver, who died at Boggy
Depot, Oklahoma; and Parisada, wife of Frank Plato,
of Chickasha.

"William L. Buckholts, after acquiring a limited
education in Texas, began life in the army at eighteen,
as a member of Troup K, Colonel Terrell's regiment of
Texas Cavalry. He fought in the battles of Mansfield,
Pleasant Hill, Yellow Bayou and Marksville. While home
on a furlough, after fifteen months' service, Lee
surrendered, and he resumed civil pursuits as a farmer
in Upshur County, Texas, where he lived for nineteen
years.

"In 1889 he moved to Gregg County, and three years
later to Duncan. Mr. Buckholts married, in Upshur
County, March 3, 1870, Miss Annie J., daughter of J.R.
Watkins. Mr. and Mrs. Buckholts have had the
following children: Lena J., who married John Cooksey,
and died in 1897, leaving a son, William Ernest, who
manages the Palace Hotel, Duncan; William E.
Buckholts, of Elmore, Oklahoma; and Albert L, also of
Elmore. Mr. Buckholts has given his children the best
possible advantages and the influence of a Christian
home. The family are Baptists."
There is some indication of Fate's military service on
Buckholts' gravestone - an engraved Southern Cross of
Honor with the Latin words - "Deo Vindice
1861 1865." Deo Vindice means "God Our Vindicator."